Wednesday, 31 December 2008

Balancing Electronics

The balancing electronics consist of a gyro and accelerometer. The outputs of these are combined with complementary filters as the gyro works best at high speed, and the accelerometer works best at low speed. (More precisely- the gyro drifts over time, so a high pass filter will eliminate this drift from the output, like eliminating DC offset. Also, summing the accelerometer over time will equal zero, whereas integrating the gyro over time will equal the drift offset, not zero.)

Gyro

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Product NumberDC-SS010
Product Name
Angular Rate Sensor XV-3500CB Gyroscope Prototype PCB
Operating Temperature0℃to+80℃
Storage Temperature-10℃ to 85℃
Defection Range-100deg/s to +100deg/s
Scale Factor0.65mV/deg/s

Voltage output of sensor in static

Typical Value

1320mV~1380mV

1350mV

Dimensions32(mm) x 19(mm)
Net Weight10g/0.3oz

I bought this gyro breakout board from eBay, and time will tell whether it will serve my purpose nicely. Key specs of the XV-3500cb is:

Frequency response: 200hz
Angular response: +/- 100 degrees/sec

Accelerometer

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Quick features list:

  • Supply voltage: 5V.
  • X/Y/Z Axis analogue output voltage: 1.65V at zero g (ratiometric output).
  • Audio amplifier output: 250mW into 8 ohm.
  • Multiplexer control voltage 0/5V.
  • 0-2kHz bandwidth (can be limited by adding external capacitance to analogue axis output).
  • Module uses standard 0.1" pitch DIP pin spacing and is breadboard/stripboard friendly for fast prototyping without special tools.
  • The module dimensions are approximately 10mm x 20mm.
  • Acceleration range +/-2g.
  • On-board stable 3V3 supply for sensor.
  • No external components required for most applications.
  • Power 'ON' LED
I bought this accelerometer breakout from eBay. It uses the LIS302SG accelerometer IC. This looks like an ideal accelerometer.

3 comments:

  1. Hi i'm a university student designing a small segway. As you seem to know your stuff about segways I wonder If you could help me?

    Are their components apart from a power source and two traction motors would I need... So far you have suggested a gyroscope and an accelerometer. Would I need anymore?

    Also could you tell me the suppliers of these parts

    Best regards

    R Long

    ReplyDelete
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